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The lesson/chapter “Fibre to Fabrics” typically focuses on the process of obtaining textiles and fabrics from natural fibres and explains how different fabrics are made. Here are some key topics covered in this lesson:
- What are Fibres?
- Sources of fibres
- Various methods to obtain fabrics from different types of fibres.
The “Fibre to Fabric” lesson helps students understand the various processes involved in converting raw fibres into the fabrics we use in our everyday lives
Fibre to Fabrics Class 6 Science Questions and Answers: Free PDF Download
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Access the Questions and Answers for the chapter Fibre to Fabrics below
Exercise Questions And Answers
Q1. Classify the following fibres as natural or synthetic: nylon, wool, cotton, silk, polyester, jute
Ans: Natural: Wool, Cotton, Silk, Jute
Synthetic: Nylon, Polyester
Q2. State whether the following statements are true or false:
a) Yarn is made from fibres (True)
b) Spinning is a process of making fibres (False)
c) Jute is the outer covering of coconut (False)
d) The process of removing seed from cotton is called ginning (True)
e) The weaving of yarn makes a piece of fabric (True)
f) The silk fibre is obtained from the stem of a plant (False)
g) Polyester is a natural fibre (False)
Q3. Fill in the blanks
a) Plant fibres are obtained from Cotton and Jute.
b) Animal fibres are Silk and Wool.
Q4. From which parts of the plant cotton and jute are obtained?
Ans: Cotton is obtained from the fruits of the cotton plant, and Jute is obtained from the stem of the jute plant.
Q5. Name two items that are made from coconut fibre.
Ans: Gunny bags and Ropes
Q6. Explain the process of making yarn from fibre.
Ans: Yarn can be made from fibre by a process called spinning. From the mass of cotton, fibres are drawn and twisted, which brings together the fibres to form a yarn. Takli and Charkha are the devices used for spinning.
Extra Questions And Answers
Q1. Differentiate between
- Fibres and Fabrics
- Natural fibre and Synthetic Fibre
|Fibre is a long, thin strand or thread of a material.||Fabric is a cloth material made by weaving or knitting the fibres|
|Natural fibre||Synthetic fibre|
|Fibres obtained from plants and animals are called natural fibres.||Fibres made from chemical substances are called synthetic fibres.|
|Examples are cotton, wool, silk, jute etc||Examples are nylon, polyester etc|
Q2. Define Ginning and Weaving.
Ans: Ginning: The cotton fibres are separated from the seed by combing. This process is known as ginning.
Weaving: Weaving is the process of arranging two sets of yarns together to make a fabric.
Q3. What will happen if you pull the yarn from a torn pair of socks?
Ans: If we pull the yarn from a torn pair of socks, a single yarn gets pulled out continuously as the fabric gets unravelled.
Q4. Where is the weaving of fabric done?
Ans: The weaving of fabric is done on looms. The looms are either hand-operated or power-operated.
Q5. What happens to the mature fruits of a cotton plant?
Ans: After maturing, the cotton balls burst open and seeds covered with cotton fibres can be seen. Then, the cotton can be handpicked. After this, fibres are separated from seeds by combing- a process known as ginning. This can be done either by hand or machine.
Q6. What is spinning? Name any device used for spinning.
Ans: The process of making yarn from fibres is called spinning. The device used for spinning is Charkha.
Q7. What are the two processes by which fabrics are made from yarns?
Ans: Weaving and Knitting
Q8. How is jute extracted from the jute plant?
Ans: The jute is obtained from the stem of a jute plant. The jute plant is normally harvested during the flowering stage. The stem of the harvested plant is immersed in water for a few days. The stem, rod and fibres are separated by hands.